Mar 12, 2014

X-ray Diffraction Topography of Germanium Wafers

X-ray diffraction topography in transmission and reflection has been employed to analyze crystal faults and stresses in germanium wafers caused by deposition of oxide layers, epitaxy and planar diffusion. Localized diffusion of arsenic, gallium and phosphorus normally does not introduce stresses sufficiently high to generate dislocations in germanium (011) wafers. However, heat treatment of germaniumwafers covered with a SiO2 film causes high stresses which are often relieved by plastic deformation.


If you need more information about X-ray Diffraction Topography of Germanium Wafers, please visit our website:, send us email at

No comments:

Post a Comment