Nov 5, 2014

Germanium: From the first application of Czochralski crystal growth to large diameter dislocation-free wafers

Being the pioneer material in the history of electronics, germanium has regained a lot of interest as a semiconductor material for opto-electronic and electronic applications. We present how developments in the growth of germanium single crystals and the processing of crystals into wafers have enabled the optimal exploitation of the properties of germanium for applications in infrared optics and gamma-radiation detection, and the breakthrough of this material as a substrate for opto-electronic applications like photovoltaics. Germanium might even be on the verge of a come-back in electronics: recent developments show that germanium is a promising material for next generation nanoscale electronic devices and integration of optical functions on logic circuits. In order to achieve compatibility with the state-of-the-art Si environment, we have developed our dislocation-free crystal growth and wafer processing towards the production of 300 mm Ge wafers.


1 comment:

  1. Its minimalist design and helpful shortcuts make it best for customers which have restricted experience gambling online. Moreover, once as} you’ve registered an account and positioned your first deposit, you’ll be able to|be capable of|have the power to} use XBet Casino bonus codes to get rewarded for each cost that you just make. Big Spin Casino considered one of the|is amongst the|is doubtless one of the} greatest new casinos in the US and supplies slots apps that you could entry on any mainstream working system. Once 토토사이트 you’ve registered an account, you’ll be able to|be capable of|have the power to} enjoy high video games by Betsoft, Genesis Gaming, and other high developers in your smartphone or tablet. Among the 150+ titles, you’ll find loads of video and jackpot slots, as well as|in addition to} classic video games. Discover the main explanation why why} these slots apps that pay real money are the general greatest ones in the US.